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The Telangana state is the 29th State in India. It is the youngest state of India.
It was a region of the state of Andhra Pradesh before it was split. The AP State Reorganization Bill 2014 was passed by Parliament in February 2014 and was given the presidential assent allowing the formation of State. The Telangana state was officially formed on June 2, 2014.
The Telangana State came into existence on June 2, 2014 as it was the appointed date as notified in the gazette notification. The formation of Andhra Pradesh (residuary state of Andhra Pradesh state) will also be on the same day.
Before the region was carved out a separate state, it was an integral part of Andhra Pradesh state in India. The Telangana region was merged into the Andhra state in 1956 to form Andhra Pradesh. With an area of 114,840 sq. kms, the Telangana region has a population of over 3 crores as per the 2001 census.
Telangana State Movement
The Telangana State is the result of several decades of relentless struggle.
Telangana has witnessed several struggles for the formation of a separate State. The struggle involved two generations of people for over six decades. It was in 2014 that the Centre has finally made Telangana into a seperate State. Lok Sabha, the lower house of Indian Parliament, has passed the AP State Bifurcation Bill 2013 (also known as Telangana Bill) on February 18, 2014. Two days later, Rajya Sabha has passed the bill paving way for the formation of Telangana State.
The Union Government has begun the process of bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh after the bill is passed in both the houses of Parliament. The Bill is likely to be sent to President Pranab Mukherjee for his assent on February 24. Once the bill has the Presidential assent, a gazette notification will be issued which includes the Appointed Date, the date on which the Telangana State is officially formed.
President Pranab Mukherjee has given his assent to AP State Reorganization Bill 2014 (Telangana Bill) on March 1, 2014 granting the formation of Telangana state. The gazette notification will be issued next week which will include the Appointed Date for the new states.
Centre issued the gazette notification on formation of Telangana as 29th state. The notification however hasn’t mentioned the Appointed Date, which will be done in a separate gazette notification. Mar 2, 2014
|July 30, 2013||Congress Working Committee (CWC) approves resolution for bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh|
|October 3, 2013||Union Cabinet approves division of Andhra Pradesh|
|December 5, 2013||Cabinet approves Telangana draft bill prepared by Group of Ministers (GoM)|
|February 18, 2014||15th Lok Sabha, lower house of Parliament, approves Telangana Bill|
|February 20, 2014||Rajya Sabha passes Telangana Bill amid din|
|March 1, 2014||President Pranab Mukherjee gives assent to Telangana Bill, Gazette notification issued|
|April 30, 2014||Assembly Elections for the first ever government in Telangana.|
|May 16, 2014||Telangana Rashtra Samithi attains majority in the elections. KCR set to become the first ever Chief Minister of Telangana State|
|June 2, 2014||Formation Day of Telangana State|
|November 5, 2014||First ever budget of Telangana State presented by Finance minister Etela Rajender|
The Telangana region has 119 Assembly seats and 17 Lok Sabha seats.
At the time of the formation of the state, Telangana region has 10 districts and was later increased to 31 districts for administrative convenience.
Population of Telangana
The population of Telangana is about four crores.
- Telangana State is ranked 10th in the Human Development Index (HDI)
The Telangana State inherited an outstanding debt of Rs. 62,000 crore on June 2, 2014. It increased to Rs. 83,845 crore in 2014-15, then to Rs. 1,00,708 crore in 2015-16 and this is set to cross Rs. 1,23,821 crore in 2016-17.
- Deficiency in south-west monsoon was 31%.
- Deficiency in rainfall from the north-east monsoon was 58%
- Per captia income of the State is improved by 12.7% to Rs. 1,29,182
- Deficiency in south-west monsoon was 14%.
- Deficiency in rainfall from the north-east monsoon was 79%
- Despite a negative growth in the Agriculture and allied sector, GSDP is estimated to grow at an impressive rate of 11.7%. This rate is more than the national average of 8.6%
- Per captia income of the State is improved by 10.7% to Rs. 1,43,023. The national average is Rs. 93,231.
As of 2014, 85% of the population of Telangana consists of weaker sections.
The growth of the State economy is 4.5 per cent in 2012-13 compared to 10.5 per cent in 2005-10.
Major contributors to the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) are the service and the industry sectors. The service sector contribute 58 percent and the industry sector contributes 28 percent to GSDP. Agriculture sector on the other hand contributes only 14 percent.
Per-captia income of Telangana stands at Rs. 93,151 in 2013-14. It is higher than the national average of Rs. 74,920.
Only three out of the 10 districts of Telangana have high per captia income than the national average.
Nine of the then districts of Telangana continue to remain backward and are covered under the Backward Regions Grant Fund (BRGF).
Till the early sixties, nearly 60 percent of the net sown area in Telangana had used tanks for irrigation purposes. Following the neglect of tanks in subsequent years and lack of maintenance, less than 9 per cent of net sown area is now dependent on tanks as of 2014. Farmers were forced to use well irrigation. They had to borrow and invest huge amounts of money to dig wells and install pump sets. As of 2014, more than 80 per cent of net sown area is dependent on well irrigation. The frequent droughts and depletion of water in wells are adding to the misery of farmers. The power shortage has compounded the problems to the farmers.
A Joint Action Committee (JAC) is formed to fight for the cause of Telangana statehood. The following are some of the main leaders of the Telangana JAC.
- JAC Chairman - Prof. M Kodandaram
- Warangal district JAC chairman - Prof. Papi Reddy
- Telangana Lecturers Association State President - Katthi Venkata Swamy
- Advocates JAC convener - Ravu Amarendar Reddy
- Medical JAC convener - Dr. Ashok Reddy